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contact our Junior Vice Department Commander 

Alan Kirshen, JVDC 

P.O. Box 635

Red Oak, Iowa 51566  

             712-623-6967                    

  mickrott13@msn.com

                    Civil War Uniforms

and Pay Scales

 

 

 

Regulations

for the

Uniform and Dress

of the

Army of the United States

1861

 

 

 

 

 

Regulations for the Uniform and Dress of the Army of the United States, 1861
regulationsforununit_bw.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [1.1 MB]

 

Enlisted Infantry Uniform

 http://www.qmmuseum.lee.army.mil/1866uniform/in.html 

 Enlisted Artillery Uniform           http://www.qmmuseum.lee.army.mil/1866uniform/fa.html                    

Enlisted Ordnance and Quartermaster Uniform       http://www.qmmuseum.lee.army.mil/1866uniform/od_qm.html

 

Army Pay
 

 
 On the eve of the Civil War, the Regular Army had a total enlisted strength of 16,000 men. After the loss at Fort Sumter, President Lincoln called for the recruitment of an additional 22,700 Regular Army troops. At no time during the war did the Regular Army reach its modest goal of 42,000 troops.
 
 
MONTHLY PAY:
     Start of the War Pay:
          COMMISSIONED:
               Lieutenant-General...$758
               Major-General...$457
               Brigadier-General...$315
               Colonel...$212
               Lieutenant-Colonel...$181
               Major...$169
               Captain...$115.50
               1st Lieutenant...$105.50
               2nd Lieutenant.... $105.50
                     Other line and staff officers drew an average of about $15 per month more.
 

          ENLISTED:
               Engineer Sergeant...$34
               Sergeant Major....$21
               Quartermaster Sergeant....$21
               First Sergeant... $20
               Orderly Sergeant...$20
               Sergeant...$17
               Corporal...$14
               Private...$13
               Musician...$12
              

 

 

 

 

General Regulations:

Dress, Undress, Service Dress

Uniform for the United States Navy

1864

 

General Regulations: Dress, Undress, Service Dress Uniform for the United States Navy 1864
Navy uniform.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [374.2 KB]

Navy Pay

 

        In spite of the number of ships built and equipped during the war, and the other heavy expenses which the War Department incurred, the total cost of the Navy during the war was little over $314,000,000, or 9.3% of the total cost of the war.

        The pay of the officers and men in the Navy, unlike that of the volunteers enlisted in the Army, was regulated by the length of service and by the duty they were called upon to perform.

 

MONTHLY PAY:
     Start of the War Pay:

          COMMISSIONED:

               Captain, commanding a squadron....$417

               Captain, senior-flag officer.....$375

               Captain, all other sea duty....$350, shore duty, on leave, awaiting orders....$$300

               Commander, at sea.....$235/first five years, $263/second five years

               Commander, other duties....$222/first five years, $235/second five years

               Lieutenant, at sea.....$212

               Lieutenant, other duties.....$125/first seven years, $142/next five years, $173/ after

               Chaplain....same as Lieutenant

               Fleet Surgeon.....$317

               Surgeon, at sea.....$183/first five years, increasing to $250 at twenty years

               Surgeon, other duties.....$167 - $233

               Assistant Surgeon.....$67 - $125/regulated by proficiency and assigned duties

 

          ENLISTED:

               Paymaster.....$116, increasing to $258 after twenty years

               Chief Engineer.....$150/first five years increasing to $217 after fifteen years

               Assistant Engineer.....depending on grade, $50 - $104

               Gunner, at sea.....$83/first three years, increasing to $112 after twelve years

               Gunner, other duties.....$67 - $100

               Boatswain.....same as gunner

               Carpenter.....same as gunner

               Midshipman, at sea.....$46, qualified for commission $83

               Midshipman, other duties.....$42, qualified for commission $67

               Senior Petty Officer.....$45

               Third Class Petty Officer.....$20

               Able Seaman.....$18+, depending on grade

               Seaman.....$11 - $20, depending on grade

               Fireman....same as seaman

               Landsman.....$12

               Coal Heaver.....same as seaman

               Powder Monkey.....$10 plus rations

               Water Boy....same as powder monkey

              

Seagoing enlisted men over 21 also received a half pint of wine or a gill (quarter pint) of grog each day. This practice was abolished in September 1862, when the ration was replaced

by a cash payment of $1.50 a month.

 

 

 

 

 

Uniform and Dress of the

United States Marine Corps

1859

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M1859 Uniform Regulations.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [144.7 KB]

Marine Clothing Allowance

for Four Year Enlistment

 

One Uniform Cap

Two Uniform Coats

Seven Pairs of Linen Trowsers

Eight Pairs of Woolen Trowsers

Twelve Muslin Shirts

Eight Blue Flannel Shirts

Two Neck Stocks

Sixteen Pairs of Shoes

Eight Pairs of Socks

Eight Pairs of Drawers

Four Fatigue Caps

Four Fatigue Coats

One Blanket

One Great Coat

 

(once aboard ship an issue of one additional great coat -on charge and to be worn

only under direction of the Commanding Officer- and two dark blue flannel sacks)

 

 

Marine Pay

 
 
 In 1861, the Marine Corps consisted of 1,892 officers and men; about half of whom were stationed aboard U.S. Navy vessels in small ship’s detachments. At the outset of the War, Congress authorized an increase of the Corps’ strength to a total of 3,167 officers and other ranks. At no time during the Civil War did the Marines strength exceed 2,900 men. 
 
MONTHLY PAY:
  Start of the War Pay:
   COMMISSIONED:
      Colonel...$212
      Lieutenant-Colonel...$181
      Major...$169
      Captain...$115.50
      1st Lieutenant...$105.50
      2nd Lieutenant.... $105.50
Other line and staff officers drew an average of about $15 per month more.

   ENLISTED:
      Sergeant Major....$21
      Quartermaster Sergeant....$21
      First/Orderly Sergeant...$20
      Drum Maj/Ordnance Sgt...$20
      Sergeant...$17
      Corporal...$13
      Musician...$12
      Private...$11
 
 

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